Publication Ethics

This journal has unilateral right to unpublish a paper even long after its publication if found guilty of violation of the ethical guidelines given as under:

इस पत्रिका के पास किसी पेपर को उसके प्रकाशन के लंबे समय बाद भी अप्रकाशित करने का एकतरफा अधिकार है, यदि उसे नीचे दिए गए नैतिक दिशानिर्देशों के उल्लंघन का दोषी पाया जाता है:

Every care is taken to adhere to the standard international norms to follow and apply the publication ethics, such as: Ethics Approval, Informed Consent, and Data Confidentiality, Data Manipulation and Research Fraud, Plagiarism, Simultaneous Submission, Duplicate Publication, Self-Citation, Ethics with Authorship, Conflicts of Interest etc.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards: Authors of the original research article must present accurate data of work performed during their research. Authors are also expected to discuss the objective of their work and the significance of their results. An article should contain sufficient information and references to ensure the reproducibility of the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are considered as unethical behaviour and unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw/supplementary data for a paper that is under editorial review. The authors should be prepared to provide the public access to these data (if practicable) and to retain such data for a reasonable time after the publication.

Multiple Publications & Dual submission: An author should not publish manuscripts that describe the same concept or present similar data, in more than one journal. In addition, an article should not be submitted to two or more journals simultaneously. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors should provide the proper acknowledgement of the work of others. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper and corresponding author: Only the contributors who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study should be titled as an author. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author is the author responsible for communicating with the journal for publication. The corresponding author should ensure that no inappropriate contributors are listed as co-authors in the paper. All the co-authors should check the final draft of the manuscript before submitting it to the journal.

Acknowledgement of Funding Sources: All the funding sources must be properly acknowledged.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors should disclose the possible financial or another substantive conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, he should promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Duties of the Publisher

The publisher is supposed to protect the intellectual property and copyright of the contents submitted by the authors. We respect privacy and personal data, especially for authors and peer reviewers. We work in close cooperation with the editors and peer reviewers in to maintain editorial independence, and guarantee transparency and integrity in the peer-review process.

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question.

Plagiarism and Academic Misconduct

It is the responsibility of the author that likewise published data, and unpublished data must be properly credited and the appropriate permission has been sought. In the case of license data, authors must submit a written assurance that they have signed the data-licensing agreement with its owner.

Plagiarism can also occur accidentally when an author does not intend to plagiarize but fails to cite his or her sources correctly and completely. Being careful and having a clear understanding of ethical writing can help to prevent this.

Originality and Plagiarism: Authors should ensure the originality of their contents while preparing a manuscript draft. In case the authors have used the work and/or words of others this must be appropriately cited or quoted. All the articles submitted to the journal shall be screened for plagiarism (online plagiarism detection software). In case, plagiarism is detected during the review/editorial process, such manuscript(s) will be rejected immediately and we can also consider other steps depending on the seriousness of the case.

If the plagiarism is proven after publication, such manuscript(s) will be removed from our website and an appropriate announcement will be placed in this regard.

Copyright and Licensing

According to the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code), copyright is a form of protection given to the publishers and authors of “original works of authorship”, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. This law gives the owner of the copyright the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to publish, reproduce, sell, distribute or modify their work.

Copyright Infringement occurs when a copyrighted work is reproduced, distributed, publicly displayed, or made into a derivative work without the permission of the copyright owner. An exception to copyright infringement falls under the doctrine of “Fair Use” of copyright law and generally represents instances in which the activity is largely for a non-profit educational, scholarship, or research purposes.

The safest way is always to get permission from the copyright owner before using copyrighted material. When it seems to be impracticable to obtain permission, the use of copyrighted material should be avoided unless the doctrine of “Fair Use” would clearly apply to the situation.

It is the responsibility of the authors to the scientific contents of the papers submitted for publication. However, after the publication of the papers, the publishers hold the copyright.

Conflict of Interest and Funding Acknowledgement

The author(s) should certify that all authors of the Manuscript have no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interests, patent-licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted Manuscript, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the work and all institutional or corporate affiliations should be acknowledged in a footnote.